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Chinese number 2.

Morally sporty, ethically sporty

Level 5 Achievement objective, B4

Students will investigate and experience ways in which people’s physical competence and participation are influenced by social and cultural factors.

Learning objectives

Students will:

  • investigate and describe social and cultural factors that influence people’s ability to participate in physical activity and sport
  • identify four life principles of Olympism and describe how the presence of these ideals impact on sport and life.

Notes: Prepare four stations of activity based on the top four Olympic sports the students identified in the previous lesson. The purpose is to use the sports of most interest to the group. This is a concept of sustainability to be incorporated into this unit of work.

Activity 1 – Olympic Games sports rotation

Divide the class into four groups. Groups rotate around the four stations, participating in each of the events and recording key information on an Olympic Ideals card. On completion of each event, groups will receive an Olympic Ideal to be recorded on their card.

Activity 2 – Unpacking the Olympic Ideals

Introduce the first three ideals with the group and discuss the impact these ideals have on sport and participation in sport:

  • balanced development of mind, body, and character
  • joy found in effort
  • educational value of being a positive role model for others.

Introduce the fourth ideal: universal ethics (tolerance, generosity, unity, friendship, non-discrimination, and respect for others). Give each group one of the six ethics to focus on.

Opportunities for processing this information:

  • Describe how this ideal would look in a good game situation and in a game situation that was not so good.


  • Describe what their designated ideal looks like, sounds like, and feels like in a good game situation (could use the games just played above). (See the Olympic Rings debrief tool – Appendix 3.)

Notes: It is important to make it clear that sport is the moral and ethical basis in which Olympism is practised and that the Olympic Games are the celebration of the educative nature of this context.

Create a discussion regarding the importance of the Olympic Ideals and their relationship to the Olympic Games and the Olympic Movement. Highlight the location of the next Olympic Games (Beijing 2022).


See Attitudes and values: Olympic ideals in physical education yrs 9–10 (from the Curriculum in Action series – p. 22 in printed version) and scroll down to read scenarios 1–4. Give each group a scenario of humanity. Each group reads their story and presents it back to the class, describing their understanding of the Olympic Ideal represented in the story.

Key questions

  • What do you like about the Olympic Games now, and what don’t you like?
  • What are the games and sport that young people today enjoy?
  • Why do young people enjoy these games and sports?
  • How can we sustain interest in the Olympic Games for young people?

Homework task

Watch the videos about the two mascots for the Beijing 2022 games:

What are the key ideas each video is trying to convey?

What similarities can you see? / What are the differences?

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